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Article alert: Can Tropical Insects Stand the Heat? A Case Study with the Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)
26.02.2012

PLoS ONE 7(1): e29409. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029409

Piyaphongkul J, Pritchard J, Bale J

The brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) is the most serious pest of rice across the world, especially in tropical climates. N. lugens nymphs and adults were exposed to high temperatures to determine their critical thermal maximum (CTmax), heat coma temperature (HCT) and upper lethal temperature (ULT). Thermal tolerance values differed between developmental stages: nymphs were consistently less heat tolerant than adults. The mean ( SE) CTmax of nymphs and adult females and males were 34.90.3, 37.00.2 and 37.40.2C respectively, and for the HCT were 37.70.3, 43.50.4 and 42.00.4C. The ULT50 values ( SE) for nymphs and adults were 41.80.1 and 42.50.1C respectively. The results indicate that nymphs of N. lugens are currently living at temperatures close to their upper thermal limits. Climate warming in tropical regions and occasional extreme high temperature events are likely to become important limiting factors affecting the survival and distribution of N. lugens.


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Web Page Can Tropical Insects Stand the Heat? A Case Study with the Brown Planthopper ... (PLoS ONE)
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